Okanagan Koi & Water Gardens

250-765-Koi1 (5641)
877-KOI-TO-GO

Koi Feeding Guide

Koi Feeding Guide

A Koi's metabolism functions best at temperatures above 70° F. High protein foods are difficult to digest when the water falls below 65° F.

However, Koi still need sufficient carbohydrates for energy when water temperatures are low. This is particularly true for Koi less than 1 year old.

Squash, bread, peas, citrus fruits, and watermelon are good sources of carbohydrates. Never overfeed your fish! Koi do not have a stomach. Feed smaller quantities more frequently for better nutritional absorption.

Feed only as much as the fish will eat in about 3-5 minutes. Koi pellets should be fresh and used within three months to prevent oxidation of the food.

Water Temp. (°F.) Feeding Frequency Food Type
Less than 50ºF. Do not feed Koi. Temperatures at 50° F. of more than one month may require supplemental feedings of low protein and high carbohydrates.
50-55ºF 2-3 times a week if Koi are hungry. High carbohydrate, low protein, laxative type foods. Wheat germ, Cheerios®, squash, lettuce and brown bread.
55-59ºF 4-5 times per week if Koi are hungry. Add low protein (25%) pellets along with vegetables. Increase quantities gradually as temperature increases.
59ºF Once per day six days per week. Low protein (25%) pellets along with high carbohydrate vegetables and fruit.
60-65ºF Once per day every day. Gradually increase protein in pellets (35%) and quantity of pellets. Vary diet with vegetables and fruit.
65-72ºF Once or twice per day. Bulk of diet should be 35% protein pellets. Add fruits, vegetables, and plankton for variety.
72-80ºF 3 to 4 times per day. High protein pellets (35% to 40%) with color enhancers. Add plankton, vegetables, fruits, and shrimp.
Hand Feeding Your Koi

Hand Feeding Your Koi

In addition to the peace and tranquility of Pond Keeping, spending time with your Koi can be equally rewarding. Koi are very sociable and love a crowd of friends. They are less apt to be shy when they...(click on product image for more details)